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Buddy-Sour Mare and Stallion

May 18, 2015

Separating a buddy-sour mare and stallion pair is in the best interest of horse health and safety.

ask expertQuestion:

How can I prevent my mare from getting bred by my stallion, as they are extremely buddy sour? We have tried separating them, but I feel it becomes a dangerous situation for them.

We consulted the experts at the American Association of Equine Practitioners for the answer.


I have given some thought to your troublesome situation. This is an interesting topic for discussion. I see two immediate concerns for you:

  1. Wanting to avoid physical trauma to both your mare and stallion
  2. Not wanting your mare to get bred. Read the rest of this entry »

Foal CPR

May 11, 2015

Know how to perform emergency CPR on a foal in distress.

ask expertQuestion:

How do you perform CPR on a foal in distress?


Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is the restoration of spontaneous circulation and breathing and is used in cases of cardiopulmonary arrest, defined as sudden cessation of spontaneous and effective respiration and heartbeat.

This most often occurs in foals suffering from asphyxia or lack of oxygen before and Read the rest of this entry »

Patella Problems in Horses

May 4, 2015

Surgery can be performed to correct upward fixation of the patella in horses.

ask expertQuestion

My horse has a patella ligament issue. It’s mostly noticeable when you pick up his foot and notice the catch. As long as he is in shape he does pretty well, though he does have more trouble when stalled. The patella issue is only confined to the one leg. At what point do you consider examination, and how long is recovery time?

We consulted the experts at the American Association of Equine Practitioners for the answer. Read the rest of this entry »

Hindquarter Weakness in Horses

April 27, 2015

The “tail pull” test during a horse health exam can indicate if there is weakness in a horse’s vertebrae.

ask expertQuestion

I’m looking at purchasing a mare, so seems sound when I ride her. But decided to have her seen by a veterinarian. She failed the “tail-pull” sway test. She is negative for EPM, but she has a big lump on either side of her neck above her withers that the vet said is not normal. Could that be the cause of failing the tail pull test? What might cause that, and is it fixable? Read the rest of this entry »

Foal Weaning Methods

April 20, 2015

Identify which of the two common weaning methods, gradual or abrupt, will be the best option for your foal.


I welcomed two beautiful American Quarter Horse foals into my barn this past February. I’ve heard a lot of mixed information about weaning, particularly the different methods. I’m thinking the abrupt method might work well for my foals. How would this be done?

For the answer, we consulted Dr. Tom Lenz, a regular contributor to the The American Quarter Horse JournalJournal subscribers can read archives online or on their tablets and smartphones via our app. ( Read the rest of this entry »

Cleaning a Gelding’s Sheath

April 13, 2015

Accumulation of dirt and debris in your horse’s sheath can form small stones called “beans.”

ask expertQuestion:

Is it recommended to regularly clean a gelding’s sheath? I had a veterinarian clean my horses’ sheaths about four years ago and there were not any “beans” or other detritus. They were both about 20 years old at the time and this was probably the first time their sheaths were inspected. They are always kept in a pasture and not in stalls. They seem to easily have a regular stream when urinating.

We consulted the experts at the American Association of Equine Practitioners for answers. Read the rest of this entry »

Cushings Disease and Seizures

April 6, 2015

Seizures have been documented in horses with Cushings disease.

ask expertQuestion:

My horse began having gran mal seizures when he raised his head very high. I was financially unable to have an MRI performed. I did get an opthmologist to examine his eyes because he had supra orbital swelling. That vet thought she saw a tumor behind his left eye. Blood work came back IR only. I placed him on a low-sugar diet and decided to let him live out his life. Not only did his eye swelling go down but he stopped having the head position seizures! Read the rest of this entry »

Nose Bleeds in Horses

March 30, 2015

Nose bleeds in horses can happen for different reasons and are classified as unilateral or bilateral.

ask expertQuestion:

What are the causes of a bloody nose in horses? My 21-year-old Appendix mare had a right side sinus flap procedure to remove an abscessed tooth four years ago. At that time, a sinus cyst was discovered and also removed. The mare has had several short one-nostril nose bleeds in the last year, bright red blood, from the left and right nostrils (never both nostrils at the same time).

We consulted the experts at the American Association of Equine Practitioners for answers. Read the rest of this entry »

Protecting Your Equine Facility From Disease

March 23, 2015

Requiring proof of health and vaccinations at your equine facility can protect your horses.

ask expertQuestion:

I am an owner of an equine facility. I require my boarders to have appropriate vaccines as instructed by our veterinarian. Many of our boarders haul in and out for events, hence they are exposed to different environments. However, it is not local protocal to require proof of vaccines for horses that are hauling in for lessons or an event held at my facility. How do I assure my boarders that haul-in horses do not put the board horses at risk of additional exposure without proof of vaccinations? I am also concerned about diseases to broodmares that are present at my facility.

We consulted the experts at the American Association of Equine Practitioners for answers. Read the rest of this entry »

Determining a Horse’s Age by His Teeth

March 16, 2015

Examining your horse’s teeth can give you a rough estimate of his age.

ask expertQuestion:

I bought a mare a while ago but am not sure how old she is. Her corner teeth show the Galvaynes groove down to the bottom of her tooth, and the grinding part is totally white with no dental star. She also has a sway back, but the veterinarian said she could have been born with it or carried several foals. My vet thinks she is 16 years old, but what do you think?

We consulted the experts at the American Association of Equine Practitioners for answers. Read the rest of this entry »

Breeding Mares After Foaling

March 9, 2015

Most mares will go into heat around seven days after foaling.

ask expertQuestion:

How soon after delivery can a mare be bred back to another stallion? What are the positives and negatives for not allowing suitable time for recovery from foaling?

We consulted the experts at the American Association of Equine Practitioners for answers.


Most mares foaling during the breeding season (long days), will come back into Read the rest of this entry »

Treating Bone Chips and Soft Tissue Damage in Horses

March 2, 2015

Damage to bones and ligaments in a horse’s leg can be frustrating to deal with but are not impossible to treat.

ask expertQuestion:

I have a 14-year-old American Quarter Horse gelding that I show in English flat and western pleasure, and he also gives horsemanship lessons. He came up lame on his right front several months ago. Radiographs showed he had bone chips in front of his fetlock joint, which we thought needed to be removed. After diagnostics, the veterinarian did not feel the bone fragments were the problem. The MRI showed soft tissue damage; The ligament that attaches to the coffin joint was enlarged three times its usual size, and there was swelling of the navicular bursa. To date, he has had radiographs, ultrasound and a MRI. The fetlock joint was injected and the navicular bursa and coffin joint were also injected with no results. We have tried stall rest and bar shoes, neither of which have worked. Any suggestions?

We consulted the experts at the American Association of Equine Practitioners for answers.


As you have found, this can be a very frustrating problem, and yours is complicated by the fact that there were bone chips found on Read the rest of this entry »