February 11, 2013
With foaling season around the corner, get the lowdown on this requirement for registering your new American Quarter Horse.
Since AQHA’s inception back in 1940, science and information technology have advanced by leaps and bounds, making it easier than ever to verify an American Quarter Horse’s identity. Utilizing these advancements, AQHA has certain DNA testing and parentage verification requirements in place to protect owners and breeders of American Quarter Horses.
A common question that we hear from AQHA members is, “What is the difference between DNA typing and parentage verification?” The truth is there isn’t much of a difference. A DNA test will derive the genetic markers of an individual horse. Think of it like a fingerprint. Each horse has its own unique genetic marker. Parentage verification still obtains that genetic marker, but it also compares it to the sire and dam recorded for that horse. Basically, parentage verification makes sure the dam is the horse’s mother and the sire is the horse’s father. AQHA has made genetic testing a requirement in some instances. Check out the list below to see if your horse needs to be DNA typed or parentage verified.
DNA typing is required if:
- Your horse is a stallion that is breeding mares.
- Your horse is a mare that is being bred and was born in 1989 or later.
Parentage verification is required if:
- Your horse’s sire or dam was under the age of 2 at the time a foal was conceived.
- Your horse was the result of embryo/oocyte transfer.
- Your horse was conceived by the use of frozen semen or cooled semen that was transported.
- Your horse is more than 48 months of age at the time the application for registration is received by AQHA.
- Your horse’s dam was exposed to more than one stallion within a 30-day time period.
- Your horse has excessive white markings, as specified in Rule REG109.8.
- Your horse is foaled after January 1, 2007, and is a descendant of the stallion Impressive 0767246 (see Rule REG109.3.3).
- Your horse is going to be raced.
- Your weanling is going to be entered into an AQHA world championship show.
- The AQHA Executive Committee deems parentage verification is necessary.
If your horse qualifies under one of the stipulations listed above, or if you just plain want to have the DNA test done, click here for an order form or contact AQHA Customer Service to order a kit by phone with a debit or credit card. Current fees for genetic testing are $50 for a registered horse and $40 for a test that is ordered on a registration application for a foal.
Genetic testing only needs to be performed once in a horse’s lifetime. Another genetic testing fact is that a horse cannot be parentage verified if his sire and dam are not both DNA typed. AQHA automatically parentage verifies horses that are eligible and reprints the certificate of registration once parentage verification is complete.
So, if you think about the opportunity science has given us, you’ll see us coming to a road where
all American Quarter Horses are verified and all American Quarter Horses have been genetically tested and have their ‘fingerprints’ on file. The next time you purchase an American Quarter Horse and notice that the markings don’t quite match the certificate, think of what DNA testing can do to resolve your fear and worries about the true identity of that horse.
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