January 13, 2010
These five simple exercises will ensure that your horse is ready for show day.
By Tina Kaven in The American Quarter Horse Journal
A western pleasure horse must be in top physical shape to compete and win in today’s arenas. But when it comes to conditioning a rail horse, there’s more to it than just walking, jogging and loping.
In a way, a show horse is like clay. You keep working and working clay, and eventually it becomes very flat and moldable, and you can make anything you want out of it. But if you set the clay on the counter and let it get cold again, it’s going to get stiff and be hard to shape.
What I want with my horses is that warm, soft, moldable piece of clay all the time. I don’t care how finished a horse is or how long he has done western pleasure, he’ll go back to that stiff piece of clay if he’s not worked. He needs calisthenics to keep him supple and allow him to do his job properly.
To prepare my western pleasure horses for the show ring, I use five simple exercises to enhance movement, transitions, flexibility and balance. The exercises consist of long trotting, shoulder and hip work, departures and transitions, loping squares and backing up.
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Get valuable insight to the judge’s expectations and better understand how to correctly present your horse with “Showing to Win: Western Pleasure” DVD.
Before I move into the exercises, I warm up the horse by longeing him and riding him lightly. I want to make sure the horse is mentally with me.
When I longe, I do not take the horse out there and just crack the whip and make him run around. I take the horse out, and I try to get a feel for where he is mentally. Is he excited, or is he quiet and ready to work? I don’t want the horse to come out with his tail over his back and run around like crazy on the longe line.
If that’s the case, then I will let him work himself down and maybe tie him up for a little while and let him recoup before I ride him. I don’t like to ride right off a hard longe, because then the horse is breathing hard and is not really mentally open.
When I get on the horse, I walk him around and check his mental capacity again. If he’s pretty quiet, then I’m going to do a little lifting exercise where I see if he is attentive. I will raise the reins and ask him to lift his shoulders, head and neck.
If he answers correctly, then I will ask him to move into a jog and see if he continues to pay attention to me. I will then tap him with my leg and ask him to move his body and see if he answers my cues. I also ask him to move into a lope and check my leg and hand cues again. I will then check my brakes and maybe ask him to yield off my leg.
But if I feel he still has too much energy or isn’t paying attention to me, then I would not necessarily drill on the movements and the calisthenics. Instead, I’m going to say, “What do we need to do to get your energy level down? Do you need to get out and play? Do you need to go on the hot walker?”
If he is willing and listening to me, answering all my questions correctly, then I move into the calisthenics.
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Stay tuned next week for Part II: Long Trotting and Shoulder and Hip.